What Is Natural Language Processing

example of natural language

IBM Digital Self-Serve Co-Create Experience (DSCE) helps data scientists, application developers and ML-Ops engineers discover and try IBM’s embeddable AI portfolio across IBM Watson Libraries, IBM Watson APIs and IBM AI Applications. Unlock access to hundreds of example of natural language expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates. We’ve already explored the many uses of Python programming, and NLP is a field that often draws on the language.

example of natural language

In that case, these systems will not allow the device to make a copy and will alert the administrator to stop this security breach. They use this chatbot to screen more than 1 million applications every year. The chatbot asks candidates for basic information, like their professional qualifications and work experience, https://www.metadialog.com/ and then connects those who meet the requirements with the recruiters in their area. For example, the Loreal Group used an AI chatbot called Mya to increase the efficiency of its recruitment process. Similar to spelling autocorrect, Gmail uses predictive text NLP algorithms to autocomplete the words you want to type.

What are the steps in natural language understanding?

As we’ll see, the applications of natural language processing are vast and numerous. Computers and machines are great at working with tabular data or spreadsheets. However, as human beings generally communicate in words and sentences, not in the form of tables.

example of natural language

We, as humans, perform natural language processing (NLP) considerably well, but even then, we are not perfect. We often misunderstand one thing for another, and we often interpret the same sentences or words differently. Using speech-to-text translation and natural language understanding (NLU), they understand what we are saying.

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Examples of natural language processing include speech recognition, spell check, autocomplete, chatbots, and search engines. NLP is short for natural language processing, which is a specific area of AI that’s concerned with understanding human language. As an example of how NLP is used, it’s one of the factors that search engines can consider when deciding how to rank blog posts, articles, and other text content in search results. Every day, humans exchange countless words with other humans to get all kinds of things accomplished.

example of natural language

These are the types of vague elements that frequently appear in human language and that machine learning algorithms have historically been bad at interpreting. Now, with improvements in deep learning and machine learning methods, algorithms can effectively interpret them. These improvements expand the breadth and depth of data that can be analyzed. The concept of natural language processing dates back further than you might think. As far back as the 1950s, experts have been looking for ways to program computers to perform language processing.

While chat bots can’t answer every question that customers may have, businesses like them because they offer cost-effective ways to troubleshoot common problems or questions that consumers have about their products. Natural language processing is a technology that many of us use every day without thinking about it. Yet as computing power increases and these systems become more advanced, the field will only progress. Many of these smart assistants use NLP to match the user’s voice or text input to commands, providing a response based on the request. Usually, they do this by recording and examining the frequencies and soundwaves of your voice and breaking them down into small amounts of code. As we explored in our post on what different programming languages are used for, the languages of humans and computers are very different, and programming languages exist as intermediaries between the two.

Autocomplete and predictive text are similar to search engines in that they predict things to say based on what you type, finishing the word or suggesting a relevant one. And autocorrect will sometimes even change words so that the overall message makes more sense. Predictive text will customize itself to your personal language quirks the longer you use it. This makes for fun experiments where individuals will share entire sentences made up entirely of predictive text on their phones.

You may not realize it, but there are countless real-world examples of NLP techniques that impact our everyday lives. At the intersection of these two phenomena lies natural language processing (NLP)—the process of breaking down language into a format that is understandable and useful for both computers and humans. Although natural language processing might sound like something out of a science fiction novel, the truth is that people already interact with countless NLP-powered devices and services every day. Our course on Applied Artificial Intelligence looks specifically at NLP, examining natural language understanding, machine translation, semantics, and syntactic parsing, as well as natural language emulation and dialectal systems. Ultimately, NLP can help to produce better human-computer interactions, as well as provide detailed insights on intent and sentiment.


Natural language generation is the process of turning computer-readable data into human-readable text. By tokenizing a book into words, it’s sometimes hard to infer meaningful information. Chunking example of natural language literally means a group of words, which breaks simple text into phrases that are more meaningful than individual words. Parts of speech(PoS) tagging is crucial for syntactic and semantic analysis.

There are many social listening tools like “Answer The Public” that provide competitive marketing intelligence. One of the biggest proponents of NLP and its applications in our lives is its use in search engine algorithms. Google uses natural language processing (NLP) to understand common spelling mistakes and give relevant search results, even if the spellings are wrong. Text analytics, and specifically NLP, can be used to aid processes from investigating crime to providing intelligence for policy analysis.

example of natural language

However even after the PDF-to-text conversion, the text is often messy, with page numbers and headers mixed into the document, and formatting information lost. Large language models are deep learning models that can be used alongside NLP to interpret, analyze, and generate text content. The main limitation of large language models is that while useful, they’re not perfect. The quality of the content that an LLM generates depends largely on how well it’s trained and the information that it’s using to learn. If a large language model has key knowledge gaps in a specific area, then any answers it provides to prompts may include errors or lack critical information. It can be used to help customers better understand the products and services that they’re interested in, or it can be used to help businesses better understand their customers’ needs.

Seven key technical capabilities of NLP

Yet until recently, we’ve had to rely on purely text-based inputs and commands to interact with technology. Now, natural language processing is changing the way we talk with machines, as well as how they answer. One of the tell-tale signs of cheating on your Spanish homework is that grammatically, it’s a mess. Many languages don’t allow for straight translation and have different orders for sentence structure, which translation services used to overlook. With NLP, online translators can translate languages more accurately and present grammatically-correct results.

  • Today, we can’t hear the word “chatbot” and not think of the latest generation of chatbots powered by large language models, such as ChatGPT, Bard, Bing and Ernie, to name a few.
  • First, the capability of interacting with an AI using human language—the way we would naturally speak or write—isn’t new.
  • In that case, these systems will not allow the device to make a copy and will alert the administrator to stop this security breach.
  • Too many results of little relevance is almost as unhelpful as no results at all.

The models may have to be improved further based on new data sets and use cases. Government agencies can work with other departments or agencies to identify additional opportunities to build NLP capabilities. While digitizing paper documents can help government agencies increase efficiency, improve communications, and enhance public services, most of the digitized data will still be unstructured. The main benefit of NLP is that it improves the way humans and computers communicate with each other.